1st March 2024


India’s First Do Tank linking Tech and Geopolitical Power

iSPIRT and SITARA’s proposal for a Sovereign Compute Stack

January 24, 2024

In September last year, iSPIRT and SITARA had proposed a Govt-led and public-private sector executed Sovereign Compute Stack as the corner stone of the esteemed Principal Scientific Advisor’s Deep Tech Policy. The proposal, which will guarantee India’s long-term technological independence and help retain the trillions of dollars our engineers are otherwise generating for foreign majors, should ideally be led by a central, overarching agency. A few hundred million dollars only – can lay the foundation for India to leap-frog to a massive, probably 10 trillion dollar, high-tech economy.

Our proposal, initiated by our distinguished member Shri Ayonam Ray, envisages a Sovereign Compute Stack (SCS), details of which are in the uploaded letter. This can be built through the concentrated work of a few 100 engineers. A viable attractive funding model which will help retain top engineering talent in India has also been proposed. We hope this can be concretised through the latest push for reforms to create a high-tech economy, which has been SITARA’s goal from the very beginning, as the SCS aims to build the capabilities for sovereign AI, which is now getting a push from MeitY.

The US, China are advancing rapidly to enhance their capabilities in AI, which is being weaponised, as many technologies are. Thus, the US National Security Commission on Artificial Intelligence (NSCAI) Report states that “AI tools (which are dual use) will be weapons of first resort in future conflicts” and recommends a whole-of-nation approach to ensure that by 2025, the Department of Defense and Intelligence Community are AI-ready. It recommends a Technology Competitiveness Council to build an AI strategy that basically encompasses all critical national security departments and agencies.

The letter forwarding the report is incidentally signed by Eric Schmidt, former CEO/Alphabet Chief who chaired the Defense Innovation Board and the National Security Commission on Artificial Intelligence (NSCAI).

The set-up recommended reportedly by the Indian Committee to reform DRDO – that the Defence R&D Council should be under PMO’s purview, would be ideal. But even defence capabilities ultimately depend on compute capability, hence the SCS must be part of an overarching National Technology Mission/ Council to develop indigenous super high-tech and establish India as an independent technological pole. Technology must form the core of our overall National Security Strategy.

A small note: major chip companies will watch the evolution of this policy/project closely, as attracting talent is one of the biggest priorities of various competing centres which want to build independent national capabilities. We ourselves received some queries in this regard from their representatives. The NSCAI report cited above states that “The human talent deficit is the government’s most conspicuous AI deficit and the single greatest inhibitor to buying, building, and fielding AI-enabled technologies for national security purposes”. So “ the United States needs to win the international talent competition by improving both STEM education and our system for admitting and retaining highly skilled immigrants”, so our efforts to build indigenous capabilities will face international competition.

India gets many benefits from the global trust in its engineering capabilities and our partnership with the leading majors. Our engineers form a very significant portion of the digital talent landscape. But if we want to be real generators, creators and innovators and retain the enormous value that digital technologies are reaping, we must quickly develop these capabilities at and for home. India must stay the course despite the obstacles in our way. This is of national importance. As Republic Day approaches, we hope this project sees early realisation.


Photo downloaded from Pexels, many thanks.

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